British MP Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman’s claim to fame was that:
- He was the longest serving member of the House of Commons in the nineteenth century.
- After fifteen years service he once could not get into the House for an important vote because he was not carrying identification and no one could recognize him.
- In the twentieth century he was prime minister for three years.
- After his maiden speech he served a full twenty years without asking a question or making another speech.
2) Millard Fillmore is/was:
- TV show Marge Simpson’s crazy uncle who is the mayor of rural retreat Otisville.
- Thirteenth president of the United States.
- Alias given by John Wilkes Booth when obtaining access to Ford’s theatre to assassinate Abraham Lincoln.
- Character in 1930’s Disney animated film who runs for president.
3) The first British Prime Minister was:
- Sir Robert Walpole
- Gladstone Gander
- William Pitt the younger
- George Jeffreys, Baron of Wenn
4) The first five American presidents represented either the Federalist party or the Democratic Republican party. Has there ever been an American president who represented no party?
5) Migrating to Australia as a child with his recently widowed mother and siblings, British born Thomas Ley worked and studied hard to become a articled clerk, then solicitor and eventually in 1922 New South Wales Minister for Justice . His claim to fame is that:
- Leading his party to the next election, he won more seats than the opposition Labor Party, but was denied the right to be appointed Premier by the New South Wales Governor due to the fact he was not Australian born.
- After a political and legal career he ultimately became the Governor of New South Wales himself whereby he later became the first representative of the Queen to remove a state Premier.
- He was accused of bribery in the 1925 election but the main witness mysteriously disappeared before charges could be drawn. On losing his seat in the following election he subsequently moved to England where, in 1947, he was convicted of murder and sentenced to hang.
- On being pressured in parliament to do something about a recent horrific multiple murder, he not only led a criminal investigation into the crime but on attending the arrest of the believed felon, personally shot to death the suspect when he reached for a gun.
6) In April 1979 Marxist Antonio Negri was arrested by Italian police and charged with the offences of plotting to overthrow the government and masterminding the kidnapping and murder of Italian politician Aldo Moro. His comrades were able to successfully free him from jail before trial by:
- Kidnapping another Italian politician and arranging an exchange of captives.
- Presenting themselves to the jail warden as American CIA operatives and requesting they could take Negri away for 36 hours for special interrogation.
- Running him as a candidate for the Italian Parliament in the 1983 election, and when winning a seat, claiming parliamentary immunity so as to be released from any incarceration.
- Successfully putting his name forward to the office of the President of Italy who had declared a limited criminal amnesty on the occasion of Italy winning the 1982 World Cup.
7) As well as being the victor at the Battle of Waterloo, Field Marshall Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington, was also at some time in his life:
- ambassador to France
- member of the House of Lords
- member of the House of Commons
- Prime Minister
- All of the above
- A, B and C
8) Is it true that apart from a brief flirtation with the Liberal Party when he was at university, Winston Churchill remained a loyal member of the Conservative Party for all of his 65 years in Parliament?
1) Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was the Liberal Prime Minister from 1905 to 1908.
2) Millard Fillmore was American President from 1850 to 1853.
3) The first British Prime Minister was Sir Robert Walpole.
4) The sixth President, John Quincy Adams was an independent.
5) John Ley was the first (and hopefully the last) Australian Minister of Justice to commit murder. His death sentence was never carried out and he died in Broadmoor asylum a few months after his conviction.
6) Antonio Negri was indeed a candidate for the 1983 election. He won a seat and was duly released from prison. His freedom in Italy however, did not last long as a few months later the members of the Italian Chamber of Deputies (lower house) voted (as was their right) to remove his immunity.
7) As well as his military accomplishments the Duke of Wellington was Prime Minister from 1828 to 1830 as well as for a few months in 1834.
8) No. Winston Churchill first entered the House of Commons in 1900 under the auspices of the ruling Conservative Party. In 1904 he crossed the floor and took up with the Liberals. This seemed to be a prescient move as they took power the following year and remained the government, either independently or in coalition, until 1922. At this juncture Churchill left the Liberals and became an independent. The following year he joined what were then the ruling party, the Conservatives, and remained with them for the rest of his career.